Daily Grammar

Lesson 200

Parts of the Sentence - Objective Complement

An objective complement can be a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16 or an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 which follows the direct objectA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
renaming or modifying it. It is used with verbs like make, name, call, choose, elect, and appoint. It is not set off with commas as an appositive is.

Examples:
I call my dog BadgerOC.

I consider my dog smartOC.

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151, predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
, adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161, prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 180
, objects of the preposition, indirect objectsAn indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object.
Source: Lesson 191
, and objective complements in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, or indirect objects then tell what word they modify.

1. Mother gave me an Inca necklace for Christmas.

MotherS gaveV meIO anAdj IncaAdj necklaceDO forPrep  
ChristmasOoP.

  - me modifies gave
  - an and Inca modify necklace
  - for Christmas modifies gave

2. The town council named the old building condemned.

TheAdj townAdj councilS namedV theAdj oldAdj  
buildingDO condemnedOC.

  - The and town modify council
  - the and old modify building
  - condemned modifies building

3. The sad news drove the man insane.

TheAdj sadAdj newsS droveV theAdj manDO insaneOC.

  - The and sad modify news
  - the modifies man
  - insane modifies man

4. The plumber had always brought his tools with him before.

TheAdj plumberS hadV alwaysAdv broughtV hisAdj  
toolsDO withPrep himOoP beforeAdv.

  - The modifies plumber
  - always and before modify had brought
  - his modifies tools
  - with him modifies had brought

5. Have the dirty clothes been washed yet?

HaveV theAdj dirtyAdj clothesS been washedV yetAdv?

  - the and dirty modify clothes
  - yet modifies Have been washed

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