Daily Grammar

Lesson 131

Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence.

John, where are you going?
Where are you going, John?
Where, John, are you going?

Because I use diagramming to teach in the classroom, I will be asking you to find various parts of the sentence for the repetition. The repetition should help you remember the parts of the sentence.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs.
Source: Lesson 101
, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta)Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action.  Source: Lesson 116, transitive passive (tp)Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.  Source: Lesson 116, intransitive linking (il)Intransitive linking verbs are the verbs in sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective.  Source: Lesson 116, or intransitive complete (ic)Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.  Source: Lesson 116.

1. Sir, may I speak with you for a moment?

Sir, mayic I speakic with you for a moment?

2. Jeff, are you leaving tomorrow?

Jeff, areic you leavingic tomorrow?

3. Listen carefully to the instructions, boys and girls.

Listenic carefully to the instructions, boys  
and girls.  
(you understood)

4. Fred, Anna needs your assistance for the afternoon.

Fred, Anna needsta your assistance for  
the afternoon.

5. Please, Mr. President, accept our apologies.

Please, Mr. President, acceptta our  
apologies. (you  

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