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Lesson 91

Parts of the Sentence - Subject/Verb

 

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate - some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here.

 

There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.

 

1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.

 

2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.

 

3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?

 

4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!

 

When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verb first and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb - rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.

 

Instructions: Find the subject and verb in the following sentences.

 

1. Karen went to the mall.

 

2. Carl didn't help his dad.

 

3. Mom cooks breakfast every morning.

 

4. I want a new bike for Christmas.

 

5. Ann has had a new baby girl.

 

 

--For answers scroll down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

 

1. Karen - subject, went - verb

 

2. Carl - subject, did help - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb did)

 

3. Mom - subject, cooks - verb

 

4. I - subject, want - verb

 

5. Ann - subject, has had - verb (verb phrase using a helping verb has)

 

These verbs are all action verbs.

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