Daily Grammar

Lesson 199

Parts of the Sentence - Objective Complement

An objective complement can be a nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, or thing. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16 or an adjectiveAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 which follows the direct objectA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
renaming or modifying it. It is used with verbs like make, name, call, choose, elect, and appoint. It is not set off with commas as an appositive is.

Examples:
I call my dog BadgerOC.

I consider my dog smartOC.

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151, predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
, adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161, prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 180
, objects of the preposition, indirect objectsAn indirect object is really a prepositional phrase in which the preposition to or for is not stated but understood. It tells to whom or for whom something is done. The indirect object always comes between the verb and the direct object.
Source: Lesson 191
, and objective complements in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, or indirect objects then tell what word they modify.

1. In my English paper yesterday, the teacher found four errors.

InPrep myAdj EnglishAdj paperOoP yesterdayAdv, theAdj  
teacherS foundV fourAdj errorsDO.

  - In my English paper modifies found
  - my and English modify paper
  - yesterday modifies found
  - the modifies teacher
  - four modifies errors

2. The children call their two dogs Mutt and Jeff.

TheAdj childrenS callV theirAdj twoAdj dogsDO MuttOC  
and JeffOC.

  - The modifies children
  - their and two modify dogs

3. The rich husband bought his wife a fur coat.

TheAdj richAdj husbandS boughtV hisAdj wifeIO aAdj furAdj  
coatDO.

  - The and rich modify children
  - his modifies wife
  - a and fur modify coat

4. After many years of study, Fred became an excellent dentist.

AfterPrep manyAdj yearsOoP ofPrep studyOoP, FredS becameV  
anAdj excellentAdj dentistDO.

  - After many years modifies became
  - many modifies years
  - of study modifies years
  - an and excellent modify dentist

5. The Presidential candidate made the Marriott Hotel his headquarters.

TheAdj PresidentialAdj candidateS madeV theAdj  
Marriott HotelDO hisAdj  
headquartersOC.

  - The and Presidential modify candidate
  - the modifies Marriott Hotel
  - his modifies headquarters

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