Daily Grammar

Lesson 109

Parts of the Sentence - Direct Object

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.

Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object.

If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object.

The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phraseA prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the proposition and object of the preposition.
Source: Lesson 71
. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs.
Source: Lesson 101
, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.

Direct objects may be compound. Example: The car hit the tree and the fence. The car hit whom or what? Tree and fence answer the question so tree and fence are the direct objects.

A sentence with a compound verb may have two different direct objects in it. Example: The dog ate the meat and drank some water. The direct object for the verb ate is meat, and the direct object for the verb drank is water. The dog didn't drink the meat or eat the water.

Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, and direct objects in the these sentences.

1. The football player changed his clothes and took a shower.

The football player changed his clothes and took a shower.

2. The speaker read his speech and answered some questions.

The speaker read his speech and answered some questions.

3. The carpenter fixed the door and painted the house.

The carpenter fixed the door and painted the house.

4. The little girl played the piano and sang a song.

The little girl played the piano and sang a song.

5. My neighbor mowed his lawn and watered the flowers.

My neighbor mowed his lawn and watered the flowers.

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