Daily Grammar

Lesson 173

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject. Source: Lesson 151, and adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161 in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives or adverbs, then tell what word they modify.

1. Ila and I diligently prepared the garden and planted carefully the corn seeds.

IlaS and IS diligentlyAdv preparedV theAdj gardenDO  
and plantedV  
carefullyAdv theAdj cornAdj  
seedsDO.

  - diligently modifies prepared
  - the modifies garden
  - carefully modifies planted
  - the and corn modify seeds

2. The legislators are heatedly debating the gun issue.

TheAdj legislatorsS areV heatedlyAdv debatingV  
theAdj gunAdj issueDO.

  - The modifies legislators
  - heatedly modifies are debating
  - the and gun modify issue

3. Have you ever seen that beautiful butterfly bush?

HaveV youS everAdv seenV thatAdj beautifulAdj  
butterflyAdj bushDO?

  - ever modifies have seen
  - that, beautiful, and butterfly modify bush

4. Eric looked around rather hastily and ran away quickly.

EricS lookedV aroundAdv ratherAdv hastilyAdv and  
ranV awayAdv quicklyAdv.

  - around and hastily modify looked
  - rather modifies hastily
  - away and quickly modify ran

5. Suddenly the siren sounded loudly and sharply.

SuddenlyAdv theAdj sirenS soundedV loudlyAdv and  
sharplyAdv.

  - Suddenly, loudly, and sharply modify sounded
  - the modifies siren

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