Daily Grammar

Lesson 172

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 101, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 126, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject. Source: Lesson 151, and adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161 in the following sentences. If there are any adjectives or adverbs, then tell what word they modify.

1. Jerry, I arrived back just now.

JerryNoA, IS arrivedV backAdv justAdv nowAdv.

  - back and now modify arrived
  - just modifies now

2. This building has never seemed especially high before.

ThisAdj buildingS hasV neverAdv seemedV  
especiallyAdv highAdj beforeAdv.

  - This and high (predicate adjective) modify building
  - never and before modify has seemed
  - especially modifies high

3. Today we ate an extremely good grapefruit, our breakfast.

TodayAdv weS ateV anAdj extremelyAdv goodAdj  
grapefruitDO, ourAdj breakfastApp.

  - Today modifies ate
  - an and good modify grapefruit
  - extremely modifies good
  - our modifies breakfast

4. A raccoon was busily washing its food.

AAdj raccoonS wasV busilyAdv washingV itsAdj foodDO.

  - A modifies raccoon
  - busily modifies was washing
  - its modifies food

5. The winding path had become somewhat steep and slightly uneven.

TheAdj windingAdj pathS had becomeV  
somewhatAdv steepAdj and slightlyAdv  
unevenAdj.

  - The, winding, steep (predicate adjective), and uneven (predicate adjective) modify path
  - somewhat modifies steep
  - slightly modifies uneven

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