Daily Grammar

Lesson 190

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbsVerbs show action or state of being. Most verbs are action words, but a few verbs indicate state of being or existence.
Source: Lesson 1
(V), subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91 (S), predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 102 (PN), direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 109
(DO), appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 128 (App), nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131 (NoA), adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 (Adj), predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
(PAdj), adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161 (Adv), prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 180
(Prep), and objects of the preposition (OoP) in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. Do you remember the name of the new senator from Utah?

DoV youS rememberV theAdj nameDO ofPrep theAdj  
newAdj senatorOoP fromPrep UtahOoP?

  - the modifies name
  - of the new senator modifies name
  - the and new modify senator
  - from Utah modifies senator

2. Our work on the space shuttle requires all sorts of ability and knowledge.

OurAdj workS onPrep theAdj spaceAdj shuttleOoP  
requiresV allAdj sortsDO ofPrep abilityOoP  

  - Our modifies work
  - on the space shuttle modifies work
  - the and space modify shuttle
  - all modifies sorts
  - of ability and knowledge modifies sorts

3. The new rocket is troublesome for many nations.

TheAdj newAdj rocketS isV troublesomePAdj forPrep  
manyAdj nationsOoP.

  - The and new modify rocket
  - troublesome modifies rocket
  - for many nations modifies troublesome
  - many modifies nations

4. Who painted the outside of this house before?

WhoS paintedV theAdj outsideDO ofPrep thisAdj  
houseOoP beforeAdv?

  - the modifies outside
  - of this house modifies outside
  - this modifies house
  - before modifies painted

5. Wait for me outside.

WaitV forPrep meOoP outsideAdv. (understood youS)

  - for me modifies wait
  - outside modifies wait

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