Daily Grammar

Lesson 189

Parts of the Sentence - Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbsVerbs show action or state of being. Most verbs are action words, but a few verbs indicate state of being or existence.
Source: Lesson 1
(V), subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91 (S), predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 102 (PN), direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 109
(DO), appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 128 (App), nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131 (NoA), adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify.  Source: Lesson 151 (Adj), predicate adjectivesAn adjective that comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
Source: Lesson 155
(PAdj), adverbsAdverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause). Source: Lesson 161 (Adv), prepositionsA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object.
Source: Lesson 180
(Prep), and objects of the preposition (OoP) in the following sentences.  If there are any adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases then tell what word they modify.

1. A building in ancient Rome was destroyed accidentally by an old buried bomb.

AAdj buildingS inPrep ancientAdj RomeOoP  
was destroyedV accidentallyAdv byPrep  
oldAdj buriedAdj  

  - A modifies building
  - in ancient Rome modifies building
  - ancient modifies Rome
  - accidentally modifies was destroyed
  - by an old buried bomb modifies was destroyed
  - an, old, and buried modify bomb

2. The welcomed blue shadows stretched across the road and the park.

TheAdj welcomedAdj blueAdj shadowsS  
stretchedV acrossPrep theAdj roadOoP and  
theAdj parkOoP.

  - The, welcomed, and blue modify shadows
  - across the road and the park modifies stretched
  - the modifies road
  - the modifies park

3. On a hill in Hawaii stands an old bunker.

OnPrep aAdj hillOoP inPrep HawaiiOoP standsV anAdj oldAdj  

  - On a hill modifies stands
  - a modifies hill
  - in Hawaii modifies hill
  - an and old modify bunker

4. Bill walked along the ridge of the mountain during the snow storm.

BillS walkedV alongPrep theAdj ridgeOoP ofPrep theAdj  
mountainOoP duringPrep theAdj  
snowAdj stormOoP.

  - along the ridge modifies walked
  - the modifies ridge
  - of the mountain modifies ridge
  - the modifies mountain
  - during the snow storm modifies walked
  - the and snow modify storm

5. This down pillow like a foam one is really soft.

ThisAdj downAdj pillowS likePrep aAdj foamAdj oneOoP isV  
reallyAdv softPAdj.

  - This and down modify pillow
  - like a foam one modifies pillow
  - a and foam modify one
  - really modifies soft
  - soft modifies pillow

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