Daily Grammar

Lesson 153

Parts of the Sentence - Adjectives

Adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.

Examples of adjectives:
The big brown bear grabbed the scared small man.
(The, big, and brown modify the subject bear and the, scared, and small modify the direct object man)

Examples of predicate adjectives:
The big bear is brown. The brown bear was big.
(brown and big come after the linking verbs is and was and modify the subject bear)

There are seven (7) words in the English language that are always adjectives. They are the articles a, an, and the and the possessives my, our, your, and their. (The possessives are from the possessive pronoun list but are always used with nouns as adjectives.) Being only seven in number, one should memorize them so they are immediately recognized as adjectives.

Adjectives used often that point out whose are possessive pronouns my, your, our, his, her, their, its and possessive nouns like Joe's, Pete's, etc.

Instructions: Find the adjectives that tell whose in these sentences and tell what they modify.

1. Badger's bark is my signal for food.

Badger's bark is my signal for food.
 - Badger's modifies bark
 - my modifies signal

2. The sky's clouds are our shade trees.

The sky's clouds are our shade trees.
 - sky's modifies clouds
 - our modifies trees

3. Alaina's brother is also Pam's son.

Alaina's brother is also Pam's son.
 - Alaina's modifies brother
 - Pam's modifies son

4. Their hope was our arrival in time.

Their hope was our arrival in time.
 - Their modifies hope
 - our modifies arrival

5. Her hair was a spider's web.

Her hair was a spider's web.
 - Her modifies hair
 - spider's modifies web

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