Daily Grammar

Lesson 158

Parts of the Sentence - Nouns, Pronouns, & Adjectives Review

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verbs, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.  Source: Lesson 102, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 109
, appositivesAn appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the noun or pronoun that it follows. It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.) An appositive can follow any noun or pronoun.  Source: Lesson 128, nouns of addressNouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. Source: Lesson 131, and adjectivesAdjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject. Source: Lesson 151 in the following sentences.

1. Will's injured arm has been hurting him again.

Will's injuredAdj armS has been hurtingV  
himDO again.

2. Jeff is always careless with his homework.

JeffS isV always carelessAdj with hisAdj  

3. The startled and excited people began the long march to the park.

The startledAdj and excitedAdj peopleS 
beganV the longAdj marchDO to theAdj park.

4. The short, fat, ugly horse was the last one in the corral.

The shortAdj, fatAdj, uglyAdj horseS wasV 
the lastAdj onePN in theAdj corral.

5. Few explorers have accomplished their intended goals.

FewAdj explorersS have accomplishedV  
their intendedAdj goalsDO.

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