Daily Grammar

Lesson 168

Parts of the Sentence - Adverbs

Adverbs are words that modify (1) verbs, (2) adjectives, and (3) other adverbs. They tell how (manner), when (time), where (place), how much (degree), and why (cause).

Why is a common one-word adverb that tells why. Adverbs that tell us how, when, where, and why always modify the verb. These adverbs can shift location in the sentence without changing meaning or what they modify. Adverbs that tell us how much modify adjectives or other adverbs. Adverbs that tell how much will come just before the adjectives or adverbs that they modify. These adverbs are also called qualifiers because they strengthen or weaken the words they modify.

Examples:
He kicked the ball solidly. (how)
He kicked the ball immediately. (when)
He kicked the ball forward. (where)
He kicked the ball too hard. (how much)

Not and its contraction n't are adverbs. They really modify the entire sentence, but we will have them modify the verb as it is the most important word in the sentence. This is a common practice in grammar books.

Adverbial objectives or adverbial nouns are nouns used as adverbs. They usually tell amount, weight, time, distance, direction or value. They can have adjectives modifying them.

Example:
He waited two days.

Instructions: Find the adverbs in the following sentences and tell what word they modify.

1. Do you live here?

Do you live here?
  - here (where) modifies do live

2. Should we play inside or outside?

Should we play inside or outside?
  - inside (where) and outside (where) modify should play

3. Where is your coat, young man?

Where is your coat, young man?
  - Where (where) modifies is

4. From the sound the bears must be nearby.

From the sound the bears must be nearby.
  - nearby (where) modifies must be

5. There he goes.

There he goes.
  - There (where) modifies goes

© 1996 Word Place, Inc.