Daily Grammar

Lesson 124

Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. The subject is the doer and the direct objectA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
is the receiver of the action.

The boy kicked the ball.

Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phraseA prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the proposition and object of the preposition.
Source: Lesson 71
or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.

The ball was kicked by the boy.
The ball was kicked hard.

Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it.

The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek.
The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter.
The mother was kissed on the cheek.
(Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)

Instructions: Transform the following transitive passive sentences into transitive active sentences by making the old subject the direct object and adding a new subject.

1. The music was practiced every day.

She practiced the music every day.

2. The homecoming parade has been delayed.

The accident delayed the homecoming parade.

3. The entries must be mailed by tomorrow.

You must mail the entries by tomorrow.

4. A solution to the problem had been sought everywhere.

They sought a solution to the problem everywhere.

5. The quilt was finally finished.

The women finally finished the quilt.

Note: Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.

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