Mechanics - Punctuation - Colons
Use a colon before listed items that are introduced by such words as the following, as follows, thus, and these; by a number; or by any other expression that "points-out."
In high school he played the following sports: baseball, basketball, football, and tennis.
Use no colon before a list of predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals.
Source: Lesson 102,
direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 109, or objects of the prepositionA preposition is a word that begins a prepositional phrase and shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always have an object. Source: Lesson 180. A colon should not hinder the natural flow of the sentence.
We will need flour, milk, and sugar. (direct objects)
Instructions: Place colons where needed.
1. You need these guys Will, Boyd, Jeff, and Jim.
2. She had three personality flaws pride, selfishness, and a temper.
3. The singers will be you, Pam, and Becky.
No colon needed. (predicate nominatives)
4. For the camp-out we will need the following things a tent, three sleeping bags, and a gas lantern.
5. Next semester I will be taking four courses Algebra II, English Literature, American History, and Biology III.