Parts of the Sentence - Sentence Variety
Having learned about phrasesA phrase is a group of words used as a sentence part. It does not have a subject and a verb. It can be a noun, adjective, or adverb. Source: Lesson 246 and
clausesA clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. Source: Lesson 246, let's now use the following phrases and clauses to give variety to our writing:
participial phrasesA participle is a verbal and is used as an adjective. A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers). A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Source: Lesson 222, adverb clausesThe adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. They usually modify the verb. Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunction including after, although, as, as if, before, because, if, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, where, and while. Source: Lesson 265, adjective clausesThe adjective clause is a dependent clause that is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause.
Source: Lesson 255, compound sentencesA compound sentence combines two or more independent clauses. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence.
Source: Lesson 246, or compound verbsA sentence can have two or more verbs called a compound verb. A compound verb is joined by either a co-ordinate conjunction or a correlative conjunction.
Source: Lesson 98.
First identify which of the above ways is used in the sentence, and then rewrite it using the three other ways identifying each of the methods used.
Having finished my lessonsparticipial phrase, I sat back
and gloried in my effort.
You must rewrite the above sentence using an adverb clause, adjective clause, and either a compound sentence or a
simple sentenceA simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb.
Source: Lesson 91 with compound verbs.
Rewrite of Example:
1) I finishedV my lessons, satV back, and
gloriedV in my effort.
= compound verbs
2) After I had finished my lessonsadverb clause, I
sat back and gloried in
3) I who had finished my lessonsadjective clause sat
back and gloried in
Instructions: Identify the written sentence and rewrite it three other ways.
Note - There are other ways in which to write these sentences.
1. Watching the sunset above the mountain, John noticed the colors blending softly into one another.
1) John watched the sunset above the mountain, and he noticed the colors blending softly into one another. = compound sentence
2) While he watched the sunset above the mountain, John noticed the colors blending softly into one another. = adverb clause
3) John who was watching the sunset above the mountain noticed the colors blending softly into one another. = adjective clause
2. The excited horse pawed the ground rapidly while it chewed on its bit and neighed continually.
1) The excited horse which pawed the ground rapidly chewed on its bit and neighed continually. = adjective clause
2) Pawing the ground continually, the excited horse chewed on its bit and neighed continually. = participial phrase
3) The excited horse pawed the ground rapidly, chewed on its bit, and neighed continually. = compound verbs
3. The pilot climbed into his jet plane, adjusted his helmet, and attached his oxygen pack.
1) Climbing into his jet plane, the pilot adjusted his helmet and attached his oxygen pack. = participial phrase
2) After he climbed into his jet plane, the pilot adjusted his helmet and attached his oxygen pack. = adverb clause
3) The pilot who climbed into his jet plane adjusted his helmet and attached his oxygen pack. = adjective clause