Daily Grammar

Lesson 135

Parts of the Sentence - Nouns of Address

Nouns or nominatives of address are the persons or things to which you are speaking. They are set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma or commas, may have modifiers, and are not related to the rest of the sentence grammatically. You can remove them and a complete sentence remains. They may be first, last or in the middle of the sentence.

John, where are you going?
Where are you going, John?
Where, John, are you going?


An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames the nounA noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples: man, city, book, and courage.  Source: Lesson 16 or pronounA pronoun is a word that replaces a noun or a group of words used as a noun.
Source: Lesson 21
that it follows.  It is set off by commas unless closely tied to the word that it identifies or renames. ("Closely tied" means that it is needed to identify the word.)

My son Carl is a medical technician. (no commas)
Badger, our dog with a missing leg, has a love for cats. (commas needed)


We must be sure to not confuse nouns of address with appositives, since they are both set off with commas.

Instructions: Find the verbs, subjectsThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91, predicate nominativesA predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completer because it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs.
Source: Lesson 102
, direct objectsA direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 109
, appositives, and nouns of address in these sentences and tell whether the verb is transitive active (ta)Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action.  Source: Lesson 116, transitive passive (tp)Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.  Source: Lesson 116, intransitive linking (il)Intransitive linking verbs are the verbs in sentences with a predicate nominative or predicate adjective.  Source: Lesson 116, or intransitive complete (ic)Intransitive complete are all the verbs that don't fit one of the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs.  Source: Lesson 116.

1. My car, a Plymouth van, rolled over and over on the highway.

My car, a Plymouth van, rolledic over and  
over on the highway.

2. Class, please read chapter one, "Verbs."

Class, please readta chapter one, "Verbs."  
(you understood)

3. Gentlemen, we must help our young people, the leaders of tomorrow.

Gentlemen, we must helpta our young  
people, the leaders of  

4. Sarah, this is my brother Ken.

Sarah, this isil my brother Ken.

5. We are planning a trip for next summer, young lady.

We are planningta a trip for next summer,  
young lady.

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