Daily Grammar

Lesson 122

Parts of the Sentence - Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action.  They are either active voice or passive voice.

Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. The subjectThe subject tells who or what about the verb.  Source: Lesson 91 is the doer and the direct objectA direct object receives the action performed by the subject.  The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb.  Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object.
Source: Lesson 106
is the receiver of the action.

The boy kicked the ball.


Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phraseA prepositional phrase starts with a preposition, ends with an object, and may have modifiers between the proposition and object of the preposition.
Source: Lesson 71
or omitted in the sentence. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verbHelping verbs are any verbs in a verb phrase that are not the main verb.
Source: Lesson 4

The ball was kicked by the boy.
The ball was kicked hard.

Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it.

The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek.
The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter.
The mother was kissed on the cheek.
(Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)


Instructions: Transform the following transitive active sentences into transitive passive sentences by omitting the subject.

1. She put the ribbon on the package.

The ribbon was put on the package.

2. People chew the twigs for medicinal purposes.

The twigs are chewed for medicinal purposes.

3. The marks easily identified the trees to cut down.

The trees to cut down were easily identified.

4. The neighbors enjoyed the nightly chats over the fence.

The nightly chats were enjoyed over the fence.

5. The class play received a standing ovation on the first night.

A standing ovation was received on the first night.

Note: Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.

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