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Lesson 288

Parts of the Sentence - Sentence Variety

 

Having learned about phrases and clauses, let's now use the following phrases and clauses to give variety to our writing: participial phrases, adverb clauses, adjective clauses, compound sentences or verbs.

 

First identify which of the above ways is used in the sentence, and then rewrite it using the three other ways identifying each of the methods used.

 

Example: Having finished my lessons, I sat back and gloried in my effort. = participial phrase

 

You must rewrite it using an adverb clause, adjective clause, and either a compound sentence or a simple sentence with compound verbs.

 

I finished my lessons, sat back, and gloried in my effort. = compound verbs

 

After I had finished my lessons, I sat back and gloried in my effort. = adverb clause

 

I who had finished my lessons sat back and gloried in my effort. = adjective clause

 

Instructions: Identify the written sentence and rewrite it the other three ways.

 

1. The engineer knew the train was on time, leaned against the side, and sighed with relief.

 

2. Hoping to have the seating in place by evening, the committee for the Olympics hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road.

 

3. Mark took a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake before he returned to the cabin for breakfast.

 

 

--For answers scroll down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

 

1. compound verbs

 

Knowing the train was on time, the engineer leaned against the side and sighed with relief. = participial phrase

 

The engineer that knew the train was on time leaned against the side and sighed with relief. = adjective clause

 

When the engineer leaned against the side and sighed with relief, he knew the train was on time. = adverb clause

 

2. participial phrase

 

The committee for the Olympics hoped to have the seating in place by evening and hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road. = compound verb

 

The committee for the Olympics that hoped to have the seating in place by evening hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road. = adjective clause

 

Because they hoped to have the seating in place by evening, the committee for the Olympics hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road. = adverb clause

 

3. adverb clause

 

Having taken a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake, Mark returned to the cabin for breakfast. = participial phrase

 

Mark who had taken a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake returned to the cabin for breakfast. = adjective clause

 

Mark took a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake and returned to the cabin for breakfast. = compound verbs

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DAILY GRAMMAR - - - - by Mr. Johanson

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